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Bromo Tengger Semeru's national park



Bromo Tengger Semeru's national park have sub ecosystem type montana, montana and alphin's sub with big cashew tree and gets age hundreds years.


Some type botanical one is gotten at Bromo Tengger Semeru's National Park for example jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus), cemara locks-up (Casuarina sp.), eidelweis (Anaphalis javanica), a variety orchid type and scarce grass type (Styphelia pungieus).

Available vicinity 137 bird genuses, 22 mammal type and 4 reptile type at this national park

Satwa is rareness and is protected that available at this national park for example mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), deer (Cervus timorensis), monkey number length (Macaca fascicularis), deer (Muntiacus muntjak), red partridge (Gallus gallus), leopard (Panthera pardus), ajag (Cuon alpinus); and a variety bird genus as hawk of bird (Accipiter virgatus), rangkong (Buceros rhinoceros silvestris), bido's serpent hawk (Spilornis cheela bido), srigunting is black (dicrurus macrocercus), bondol's hawk (Haliastur indus), and the living one teal at Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, and Ranu Kumbolo.

Bromo Tengger Semeru's national park constitute conservation area the one only at Indonesian one has uniqueness as oceanic as sand as extensive as 5.250 hectares, one that lies on high ± 2.100 meters of sea levels.

At sand oceanic is found seven eruption centers in two crisscross band which is of east west and northeast south-west. Of south-west northeast this is Bromo's Mountain appearance that included active volcano that at call gets to issue eruption smoke and threatens man life around it(± 3. 500 souls).

Bromo's mountain has one crater with diameter ± 800 meters (south northern) and ± 600 meters (west east). Meanwhile its danger region as whorled as with radius 4 km of Bromo's crater center.
Tengger's tribe that lies around national park constitutes original tribe that gets hinduism. According to legend, that tribal derivation of royal Majapahit who alienates self. It is unique, seeing resident around ( Tengger etnic) appear no despite fear taste go to know that Bromo's Mountain dangerous, including also tourist which there are many visit Bromo Tengger Semeru's National Park upon Kasodo's Ceremony volkanik's eruption at semeru's mountain peak.
Kasodo's ceremony is evened out each year (December / January) on full moon. Via that ceremony, Tengger's Tribal society besoughts to harvest that overwhelmed or asking for refuses army and recovery on various diseased, which is by devotes sesaji by throws it to Bromo's crater, while Tengger's society another has to go down crater bank and reaching for to catch sesaji that is thrown into crater, as epitomizing of benediction of Lord.

That sesaji's scramble constitute absorbing attraction and against at a swoop horrible. Because not rare between they fall into crater.

Severally location / interesting object for visited: Cemorolawang. One of entrance wend there are many national park visited to espy sand oceanic carpet and Bromo's crater, and camp. Salt water Sand Tengger and Bromo's Mountain. Riding and climbs up Bromo's mountain pass through ladder and sees sunrise. Pananjakan. Seeing nature panorama locks-up Bromo, Batok's mountain and semeru's mountain. Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu kumbolo and semeru's Mountain Peak. Frosty lake and always fogged(± 2. 200 m. dpl) often been utilized as place transits semeru's mountaineer (3. 676 m. dpl). Ranu Darungan. Camp, satwa /'s watch plant and nature panorama that helds captive.
Best visit season: month of June s / d. October and december s / d. January. Location attainment trick: Pasuruan is Dowo Tosari Wonokitri's Booth Locks-up Bromo to utilize car with distance 71 km, Baleful Klakah Jemplang's Hut Board Locks-up Bromo to utilize car with distance 53 km, and Jemplang Ranu Pani Ranu Kumbolo, 16 km. Or of Baleful Purwodadi Nongkojajar Tosari Wonokitri vicinity Upturn 83 km. Of Baleful to Ranu Pani utilize vicinity car 70 minutes, one that drawned out by hike is semeru atop vicinity 13 hours.
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